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3.2 Rules Subject-Verb Agreement Pdf

As a copy editor, ensuring proper grammar is crucial. One of the most fundamental rules of grammar is subject-verb agreement, where the verb in a sentence must agree in number with its subject. This fundamental principle is essential in all forms of writing, whether academic papers, news articles, or business reports.

In this article, we will discuss the 3.2 rules of subject-verb agreement in PDF format to provide clarity and guidance to writers who want to enhance the readability and quality of their work.

Rule 1: Singular subjects require singular verbs, and plural subjects require plural verbs.

The most fundamental rule of subject-verb agreement is that the verb in a sentence must agree in number with its subject. For example, “The dog barks” is a correct sentence, while “The dog bark” is not. Similarly, “The cats purr” is correct, while “The cats purrs” is not.

Rule 2: If the subject of a sentence is a collective noun, use a singular or plural verb depending on context.

A collective noun is a noun that refers to a group of people, animals, or things. Examples of collective nouns include “team,” “family,” “audience,” and “class.” When using collective nouns as subjects, writers must consider whether to use a singular or plural verb, depending on the context of the sentence.

For instance, “The team is playing well” is grammatically correct while “The team are playing well” is not. Similarly, “The family is happy” is correct, while “The family are happy” is incorrect.

Rule 3: When using “either/or” or “neither/nor,” match the verb to the closest subject.

When using the phrases “either/or” or “neither/nor” in a sentence, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it. For example, “Neither the dog nor the cat is hungry” and “Either the cat or the dog is responsible for the mess.”

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is a fundamental principle of grammar, and understanding the 3.2 rules can help writers ensure the clarity and accuracy of their work. By using these rules, writers can create sentences that are easy to read, effective, and free from grammar errors.

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